Mockup of front and rear covers of Introduction to the Theory and Practice of SamplingIntroduction to the Theory and Practice of Sampling

by Kim H. Esbensen

with contributions from Claas Wagner, Pentti Minkkinen, Claudia Paoletti, Karin Engström, Martin Lischka and Jørgen Riis Pedersen

This book presents the Theory of Sampling (TOS) for all readers and audiences starting from level zero. The TOS is presented in a novel didactic framework without excessive background mathematics and statistics that often scare newcomers away. The overall objective is to present a unifying conceptual framework within which all the TOS’ principles, unit operations and sampling error management rules can be understood in the easiest manner possible. This book will make the reader able to start sampling in an effective manner right away, but is also intended to inspire to further skills building and self-study. It contains a wealth of key references.

Pre-publication Offer

Order your copy by 7 February 2020 for £42 (publication price £69).
Publication expected: 14 February 2020

The book will teach you:

  • WHY sampling is much more than materials handling
  • WHY we need the Theory of Sampling (TOS)
  • HETEROGENEITY—the root of all evil
  • The Fundamental Sampling Principle (FSP)—which must never be broken
  • WHAT—and HOW TO conduct representative sampling
  • The TOS in the laboratory—sample splitting without errors 
  • The sampling bias—a fatal enemy that can be avoided
  • The TOS for sampling of stationary lots and materials
  • The TOS for sampling of moving lots and materials—process sampling
  • The TOS and business ethics, buyer–seller relationships, OEM obligations, societal needs
  • The TOS—Pro’s and Con’s
  • “The TOS will save you a lot of money”

Schematic of the principles of the Theory of Sampling


“...the TOS is presented in an easy, comprehensible style that is assessible to everyone...”
“I recommend this book to all newcomers to TOS, but especially also to those who want to go beyond the TOS basics and further explore its numerous literature sidebars and background references. For in depth coverage of the quantitative nature of sampling theory and practice, this is the place to start.”
Gary Ritchie, MS, Principal Consultant, GER COMPLIANCE
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“For a reader like me, a newcomer to the field, this new book gives the reader a well-crafted overview of how to get your sampling right from the start—and what it will cost you if you don’t.”
“From the start, the author delivers a book written in a somewhat unorthodox fashion that makes it very easy to read, complete with many detailed examples and case histories. This book may well end up being the standard introduction sourcebook for representative sampling.”
Allan Trebbien. B.Tech Management & Marine Engineering
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“ demonstrates the often large quantitative influences on the final uncertainty of the tiny analytical samples that ultimately are delivered to the laboratory.”
“One of the book’s major advantages is the lavish use of carefully designed didactic diagrams which help the reader to form his/her own understanding of what turns out not to be so “complex” subject-matter as many claim.”
Dr Leo Simon Morf, Deputy Head of Waste Management Department, Canton Zurich, Switzerland
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“ of the book’s strongpoints is that is shows the common nature of proper sampling.”
“...this book should be compulsory in educating not only geology students at universities, but also scientists and technicians in a number of other disciplines, not least analytical chemistry (there is a whole world outside the four walls of the laboratory). All will benefit fundamentally from addressing this book.”
Peter Appel, AppelGlobal
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You may also be interested in:

TOS Forum

Sampling Columns in Spectroscopy Europe

KHE Consult

We are grateful to Herzog for their support in the production of this book.